County Council urges protection for Lake Samm kokanee

July 7, 2009

By Warren Kagarise

Conservationists seeking to protect threatened Lake Sammamish kokanee salmon received a boost last week from King County leaders.King County Council members called on federal officials June 29 to list kokanee salmon under the Endangered Species Act. Issaquah officials and local and state environmental groups had previously urged the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to list the salmon species.

The motion passed by the County Council also recommends for the state Department of Fish and Wildlife to follow through with a proposal to implement emergency conservation efforts to help the kokanee.

Officials estimate that fewer than 100 Lake Sammamish kokanee remain. Attempts to introduce other varieties of kokanee into the lake have been unsuccessful.

“If these kokanee in Lake Sammamish go away, there will be no kokanee in Lake Sammamish,” said Mark Taylor, Washington Council president of Trout Unlimited and president of the organization’s Bellevue/Issaquah chapter.

Taylor said he expects a decision regarding the kokanee from federal officials as early as next year.

Taylor credited county officials for encouraging federal officials to protect the salmon. He noted how the effort to protect the kokanee had attracted support from several quarters.

Trout Unlimited state leaders recognized Issaquah as Conservationist of the Year for 2008 after city officials signed the kokanee petition. Snoqualmie tribal officials and environmentalists also signed the petition.

Lake Sammamish kokanee are similar to sockeye salmon, but kokanee are smaller and live in landlocked bodies of water. The species lives in Lake Sammamish and spawns in nearby streams.

Taylor said 20 million to 40 million non-native kokanee had been introduced to Lake Sammamish since the 1980s — but the introduced fish did not survive. Taylor said scientists are unsure why, though speculation ranges from specific water conditions to a virus present in the lake to which Lake Sammamish kokanee are immune.

“Only natives will live in the lake as far as we know,” Taylor said.

Friends of the Issaquah Hatchery Executive Director Gestin Suttle said it was important for county leaders to add their voices to the issue.

“I think the council’s position will help build a chorus in favor of action for this vulnerable species,” Suttle wrote in an e-mail.

Lake Sammamish kokanee were once a staple for the Snoqualmie Tribe. Kokanee once numbered in the thousands and the species supported a subsistence fishery for the Snoqualmie.

County officials noted the importance of the kokanee to the lake ecosystem.

“With the kokanee population hovering at the brink of extinction, this is a matter for urgent and immediate action,” Councilman Larry Phillips said in a news release. “The kokanee play a historic role in the Lake Sammamish ecosystem, and we must protect the small number that remain and take actions that will allow the species to survive.”

Officials attribute the decline of kokanee in the lake to habitat loss. The study recommends a hatchery program be implemented as soon as possible in order to protect the remaining fish.

“Proper protection of the Lake Sammamish kokanee salmon needs to begin immediately,” Council Vice Chairwoman Jane Hague said in the release. “It is critical that the federal and state governments recognize their importance to our region and act now to prevent their extinction.”

Reach Reporter Warren Kagarise at 392-6434, ext. 234, or Comment on this story at

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One Response to “County Council urges protection for Lake Samm kokanee”

  1. C Brown on November 11th, 2009 12:14 am

    What is messing up the native Kokanee in fresh water lakes throughout Washington? We should be concerned about ALL the lakes with Kokanee not just Lake Washington and Lake Sammamish. I have a home on a different lake where I have many Kokanee spawn yearly, but they are small which is a concern to me and would like an answer as to why.

    I understand the Kokanee used to be much larger on my lake however I have been told that the sterile stocked trout are eating everything in sight which doesn’t leave enough food for the Kokanee. A concern I have is that the sterile trout don’t contribute to the ecosystem in any normal way which leaves the Kokanee even more vulnerable to wildlife being consumed as egg, fry and adults. A few days ago loons were positioned at the mouth of the creek eating them before they had a chance to spawn. The wildlife knows when these fish spawn and when their eggs hatch, wildlife including fish wait at the mouth of the creek to eat the fry when they hatch, do the sterile stocked fish also eat Kokanee fry?

    I think the Kokanee would make a huge comeback if stocked fish were all native to the lakes and not sterile. I currently have a good run of Kokanee however like I said they seem to remain small. I would love to know why this is if you can direct my email to the appropriate person to answer my questions.
    Thank you in advance,
    C Brown

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